Atopic dermatitis (ATD) is a chronic skin disease that may have a hereditary predisposition. Such a diagnosis is made solely by clinical manifestations. It is characterized by a violation of the function of the skin barrier as a result of a deficiency of binding proteins, frequent infection of the skin or a violation of the quality of life. Outwardly, dry skin is observed, which is accompanied by itching. In atopic dermatitis, immunity is prone to inflammation, an allergic type, and the formation of IgE. Atopic dermatitis is not all accompanied by food allergies, this applies to 40-50% of children with AD.
Causes of atopic dermatitis.
Treatment of AD in a child.
Wet wraps with atopic dermatitis.
Reasons for atd. “The more sterile the environment, the higher the risks” Continue reading
There is a set of symptoms by which measles can be recognized in a child. This is an acute infectious viral disease that does not tolerate self-medication. The causative agent of measles is the RNA virus of the genus morbilliviruses. When it is possible to determine it at the initial stage, the treatment is easier. Measles in a child can lead to serious complications, so it is important to know the symptoms of the disease. It should not be underestimated, because there is still mortality from this disease among children, more often up to 5 years.
It is necessary to undergo an examination with a specialist and observe the prescribed treatment regimen for measles. Also, there are a number of therapeutic procedures that will need to be carried out at home.
How is measles transmitted to children and is it possible to get sick again?
Measles is transmitted by airborne droplets from a sick person. It is believed that you can get infected from the patient from the last 2 days of the incubation period to 4 days of rash. From the fifth day, after the appearance of rashes, a person is considered already non-contagious. At risk of measles are children from 2 to 5 years. Most often, the disease occurs in the period from December to May. Continue reading
Whooping cough is an acute infectious disease, accompanied by inflammation in the upper respiratory tract and paroxysmal spasmodic cough.
Unvaccinated children under 5 years of age are most often infected, and whooping cough is especially dangerous for children in their first year of life. At an older age, this infection is much easier.
Whooping cough is caused by a specific bacterium called Bordetella pertussis. The microbe is transmitted by airborne droplets (by coughing, sneezing, talking) in close contact with a sick person. The disease is very contagious. However, a contact (for example, through toys) transmission of infection is impossible, since the bacterium quickly dies in the external environment.
Immunity after the disease is developed very persistent and usually lasts for life. Repeated diseases can occur in old age. However, as a rule, doctors take him for a cold – the disease is so easy. Continue reading