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The causative agent of scarlet fever is group A streptococcus, which can also cause kidney damage (glomerulunofrit), tonsillitis, chronic tonsillitis, rheumatism and other diseases. Scarlet fever occurs if at the time of infection with streptococcus there is no immunity to it.
The source of infection is a patient with scarlet fever, sore throat or a “healthy” carrier of stereptococci. The incubation period usually lasts from 1 to 10 days. The child is considered contagious the day before the onset of the first symptoms and in the next 2-3 weeks.
The infection is transmitted by airborne droplets (by sneezing, with kisses, etc.). In addition, you can become infected with scarlet fever through food, common dishes, clothes, or simply by holding on to the door handle, which until then had been opened by a completely healthy-looking carrier of infection. Continue reading