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Pneumonia in a child: types, causes and treatment
Pneumonia in both a child and an adult is pneumonia, which affects the alveoli and tissues. The process can affect only part of the lung (focal), or spread further. As…

Continue reading →

The child caught a cold: advice to parents

Did the child catch a cold? In order for him to recover faster, he must carefully perform medical appointments, give him bitter medicines and perform many procedures, sometimes not very pleasant. We hope that our advice will come in handy, dear parents.

Measure temperature
For children of all ages, a thermometer is placed under the armpit, so you can measure the temperature reliably and safely (for example, in the rectum the temperature is 10C higher, and there is a chance of injuring its mucous membrane). In order for the child to be pleased, warm the thermometer in your hand for several seconds, shake it off and put it on the child. It is enough to hold it for 5-6 minutes. At this time, read the book to the baby, tell a fairy tale – try to make this procedure enjoyable. It is necessary to control the body temperature 2-3 times a day, preferably at the same time.

Give medicine
Focus your child’s attention on WHAT you give him as little as possible and offer to drink medicine, as it were, by the way. Talk with the baby about something, distract him by offering a spoon with potion. Grind insoluble, bitter tablets and mix with honey, jam, fruit puree. When mixing drugs with drinks (unless there are special instructions in the annotation of the drug on how and what to drink), it is better to use those that the child rarely drinks, otherwise he can refuse his beloved milk or juice for a long time.

We instill drops in the nose
Young children dribble in the nose better when the child is reclining. Ask older children to sit with their head back. Initially bury in one nostril and immediately turn the child’s head in the direction of this half of the nose. In this case, the medicine spreads along the side wall of the nasal mucosa and penetrates the nasal passages. After a few minutes, drip the drops into the second half of the nose.

Make inhalation
It is best to carry out this procedure in a small room, for example, in the kitchen. In order to make the air moist and healing, put a pot of water on the stove, throw a handful of medicinal herbs (oregano, chamomile, pine buds) into it, let it simmer for an hour. The child at this time can play, draw, read.

Since then, flu epidemics have been raining down on people with enviable constancy. The most severe pandemic of 1918 is considered, which the people nicknamed the “Spanish”. Ultimately, 40% of the world’s population suffered from it.

Influenza is a highly contagious (contagious) viral disease of the respiratory system, dangerous for its complications. The disease affects people regardless of age. The weaker the human immune system, the greater the likelihood of developing the disease and its severity.

The cause of the flu is a virus. It consists of the outer and inner shells and RNA containing genetic material. There are three types of influenza viruses – A, B, and C. Type A influenza virus can infect humans, birds, and animals. Type A includes 15 subtypes that differ in the structure of surface proteins, of which only subtypes 1,2 and 3 can cause an epidemic. Influenza viruses of types B and C of epidemics in humans do not cause and do not affect animals.

All influenza viruses are transmitted from person to person by airborne droplets (by sneezing and coughing). In the external environment, the virus is easily destroyed, especially it is afraid of boiling and ultraviolet radiation.

What’s happening?
Once in the human respiratory tract, the virus attaches to the mucous membrane and penetrates into the cells. When the genetic material of the virus (RNA) is in the cell nucleus, the cell itself begins to synthesize new viruses. Gradually, influenza viruses damage more and more cells, after which they enter the bloodstream and spread throughout the body.

From infection to the development of a complete picture of the disease, it takes from several hours to 3 days. A sharp onset is characteristic of influenza: the temperature rises (up to 39-40 ° C), weakness occurs, a person has chills, headaches and muscle pain appear. A person’s face turns red, his eyes (conjunctivitis, scleritis), possibly “sweeping” of the lips as a result of herpes infection.

Subsequently, nasal congestion and a small discharge from it, dryness, sore and sore throat, dry cough. Possible intestinal upset associated with intoxication.

If the flu proceeds without complications, the disease ends within 5-7 days, but muscle weakness, headaches, and fatigue may persist for another 2-3 weeks.

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