High fever in a child
Always have a first aid note on hand for a child with a high fever.
High temperature in a child often takes parents by surprise. When the baby becomes weak and hot, crawls to his mother’s knees and clings to his chest, all first aid techniques are weathered from the head. Mom starts stupidly rushing around the apartment, calling “knowledgeable people” and rummaging around in medical manuals about children’s health.
First aid kit for a child with a high fever.
If the temperature does not exceed 38 ° C, and the child tolerates it normally, then antipyretic drugs should not be given. The fact is that at elevated temperatures, the body more effectively fights infection, therefore, without special need, it should not be knocked down. An exception is those cases when a child suffers from a neurological disease (registered with a neuropathologist) or simply has a hard time tolerating temperature – then it is necessary to give antipyretic drugs, starting at 37.5 ° C.
If the temperature has risen above 38 ° C – you should give the child an antipyretic recommended by a doctor (Children’s Panadol, Efferalgan, Nurofen). For very young children, it is better to use the medicine in candles, older children can be given the drug in the form of syrup. Never use aspirin! Aspirin with a viral infection (in children under 12 years of age) can cause a dangerous complication – Reye’s syndrome.
Be sure to call a doctor to determine the cause of the temperature rise. Observe the symptoms that accompany fever – runny nose, cough, vomiting, diarrhea, pain in the head, stomach, rash, etc.
If the child begins to cramp or the temperature exceeds 40 ° C, urgently call an ambulance, and before her arrival give the child an antipyretic.
Try to put your baby to bed. Read him an interesting book, watch cartoons, play calm games. Although it is best for the baby to sleep, rest, gain strength.
Caring for a child with fever
Feeding a sick baby is recommended with easily digestible food. Temporarily exclude meat (especially fried), fatty, sweet and canned foods from the diet.
Drink a lot of the child – then the toxins that are formed during the life of the viruses are “washed out” of the body. Best of all – warm tea with lemon, raspberries, warm milk with honey (if it is not allergic). Fruit drinks, compotes, juices containing vitamin C are very useful. Mineral water, decoctions of herbs, fruit teas are also suitable.
Ventilate the room regularly and, if possible, humidify the air. For this purpose, you can put a 3-liter jar of water in the room and hang a wet towel. Air temperature should not exceed 20-21 degrees.
How to dress a child
There is no need to put “a hundred clothes” on the child and wrap it excessively. These measures can lead to thermal shock if the temperature rises to a dangerous level. Dress a sick child lightly, cover it with a diaper or a light blanket so that excess heat leaves without hindrance.
Do not wipe the child with vinegar, alcohol or cover with cold heaters. Alcohol is very well absorbed through the skin and can cause poisoning of the child’s body.
If the fever lasts more than 3-4 days after the start of treatment, you must re-call a doctor to adjust the treatment.