Children’s diseases: hepatitis
Hepatitis is a disease that causes inflammation of the liver. The most common form in children is hepatitis A virus, which is also very contagious. The virus is contained in the patient’s excrement and if the child does not wash his hands thoroughly after each visit to the toilet, then the disease can be transmitted through dirty hands. In addition, the virus can also be found in the blood and saliva.
The first symptom of the disease is a lack of appetite, then symptoms similar to those of the flu and accompanied by jaundice appear – the patient’s skin and pupils become yellowish, the urine becomes very dark in color, and excrement, on the contrary, is very light.
Is it dangerous?
Hepatitis in children rarely proceeds in a severe form. Usually they can easily tolerate it, but it must be treated promptly, as it is very contagious and can spread easily both at home and at school.
-lack of appetite;
– headache, fever, joint pain;
– yellow skin, dark urine and light excrement.
What should I do?
1. If your child has lost his appetite and if he has flu symptoms at the same time, examine his skin, urine and feces.
2. If the child refuses to eat, as often as possible give him diluted fruit juice or water with a pinch of salt dissolved in it or 5 ml of glucose to avoid dehydration of the body.
3. If you suspect that your child has hepatitis, do not send him to school.
4. Pay more attention to baby hygiene. Be sure to wash his hands thoroughly after each use of the toilet. Hang his towel separately from other towels, select a separate plate, cup and cutlery.
Do I need to see a doctor?
If you suspect hepatitis in your child (especially if he has jaundice), consult a doctor immediately.
What will the doctor do?
The doctor will direct the child for a blood test.
Prescribe isolation and bed rest until symptoms disappear for at least two weeks. Then two more weeks will follow for recovery, after which the child will be able to attend school.
There is no specific treatment for hepatitis, but the doctor may prescribe a diet to facilitate liver function, rich in calories and free of fat.
For other family members, the doctor may recommend special gamma globulin injections to reduce the risk of hepatitis.
What can i do?
Isolate the child for the period indicated by the doctor. Take care of the child in his room so that he has as little contact with the rest of the family as possible. Separate his personal items and toys from those of other family members.
Carefully comply with hygiene requirements, every time after using the child’s toilet, flush the toilet with a disinfectant. Do not wash his bedding with other linen, the same applies to towels.
Behave so that the child does not feel superfluous. Put a television in his room, give him books, and keep him busy with not too tedious games. When the child recovers, consult a doctor before sending him to school.
After recovery, after a few months, the child may manifest symptoms of the disease – loss of strength, lack of focus and irritability. Be patient with him and pay attention.