Rubella in a child: symptoms of a third disease that should not be treated
Rubella in a child, or as it is also called the “third disease”, is a viral disease. It is transmitted by airborne droplets from an infected person. Persistent immunity is developed after vaccination, or if the child has had rubella. The disease is most dangerous for pregnant women and the fetus. Children easily tolerate rubella. Despite this, you need to contact a pediatrician. The specialist will be able to make an accurate diagnosis and exclude other rubella-like diseases.
The incubation period is 2-3 weeks. After that, parents can notice rubella symptoms in the child:
body temperature rises to 38-39 degrees;
due to intoxication, the child has a headache, weakness appears, appetite may disappear;
rubella is accompanied by symptoms of pharyngitis: sore throat, sore, discomfort;
inflamed and enlarged cervical lymph nodes;
conjunctivitis appears, the eyelids swell and redden;
2 days after the first signs, a characteristic spotted rash appears on the body. First, it covers the face, after a few hours it goes down and covers the body. The rubella rash does not itch. In the first stages, it looks like measles, and then scarlet fever. Most red spots can be seen on the face, lower back and buttocks. It also covers the extensor areas of the body.
A rubella rash lasts 2-4 days, less often 5 days or a week. The spots pass easily, without discomfort.
The main difference between rubella and measles is in the form of a rash. With measles, rashes can merge, but with rubella, no. In this case, the rash is small, but densely covers the body. When the spots begin to go away, there is no pigmentation or peeling, and with measles they are.
It is not necessary that all of these symptoms are present. If rubella occurs in a child in mild form, but some signs may be minor.
No specific treatment has been developed against rubella. Rubella in children passes without complications and does not cause anxiety. The child needs to be shown to a specialist to make sure the diagnosis. Antipyretics are prescribed to relieve symptoms. Parents should ensure that the child drinks the daily intake of fluids.
Rubella treatment in children should not be combined with aspirin and other drugs based on it. This can lead to Reye’s syndrome. It is safe to use paracetamol. If the child is small, then you can give a remedy in the form of a syrup. Before use, consult a specialist.
If the child is very worried about a sore throat, then local antiseptics are prescribed. For the treatment of conjunctivitis with rubella, antibiotic-based eye drops are used. The specialist selects the necessary drugs in accordance with the age of the child, taking into account whether he has contraindications.
The vaccination schedule for children who are required includes a combination vaccine. It is immediately directed against 3 diseases: measles, rubella and mumps (mumps). Such a preventive measure provides protection for the child for life. Also, it is especially important for girls, future matter. When she grows up, she can not worry about the risk of rubella. This disease negatively affects not only the health of the mother, but also leads to fetal malformations. It is important to get the vaccine “right”, that is, twice at intervals. If done only once, efficiency cannot be guaranteed.