When a cold caught in the summer
The peak of colds occurs in the winter or off-season. No wonder. An organism weakened by exposure to cold, a deficiency of vitamins, is an easy target for bacteria and viruses. However, doctors claim that respiratory diseases are found not only in winter, but also in the heat.
Why does a cold occur in the summer when the body warms up in the sun and is saturated with fresh fruits, berries, vegetables? How to deal with such a disease?
Causes of the common cold
The common cold is called acute respiratory disease. Their causative agents are viruses and bacteria. These pathogenic agents never disappear from the environment and are able to be active at any time of the year.
What triggers a summer cold
In winter, the immune system under the influence of hypothermia, a lack of vitamins is weakened. She can no longer repel harmful agents. Viruses enter the body and begin to multiply rapidly. A person gets sick. The main reason for the common cold in the summer is also a decrease in the protective functions of the body. But the mechanisms that trigger such a process are somewhat different.
Colds provoke heat and cold drinks in summer
The following points provoke a summer cold:
Heat. Sultry air leads to drainage of the nasal mucosa. Immunoglobulin production decreases, local protection worsens. Infections easily enter the body through the nasopharynx.
Temperature differences. Under the influence of the sun, all body systems relax. Immune defense decreases. A sharp change in temperature (cooling the room with air conditioning, diving into the water) can provoke hypothermia. Viruses that enter the body begin to multiply actively. Significant temperature changes (over 3-5 ° C) are especially dangerous for humans.
Drafts. Even a slight breath of wind can cool a person’s body. If you arrange a draft in the room by opening the doors and windows wide open, then the body begins to perceive a temperature of + 25 ° C as if the room was not higher than 18 ° C. By the way, such cooling can lead not only to colds, but also to inflammation of the muscles, trigeminal nerve.
Cooling food and drinks. The use of ice drinks, frozen juices, fruits, ice cream negatively affects the condition of the larynx and pharynx. Such products instantly cool the oral cavity and throat, provoking a sharp decrease in immune defense. The abuse of ice products can result in the development of tonsillitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis. If adequate treatment for the common cold is not carried out in the summer, then such pathologies quickly acquire a chronic status.
Alcohol. Alcohol dulls sensations. Alcohol provides a slight analgesic effect, so a person can not adequately perceive the cold. Such situations often lead to pneumonia.
Features and symptoms of a summer cold
A characteristic feature of summer respiratory diseases is a longer duration than winter colds. The duration of the disease is caused by a frivolous attitude to the common cold. There is an opinion that in winter you need to rest in warmth, and in the heat of a cold will pass by itself.
The patient’s condition is significantly aggravated by the action of the following factors:
a person continues to do his own business, depleting the resources of the body;
the cold is still affected by air conditioning, drafts;
under the influence of heat, inflammatory and infectious processes proceed faster.
Symptoms of Respiratory Disease
Regardless of the common cold in summer or winter, the symptoms of the disease will be the same.
Muscle aches and joint pain with colds
Respiratory disease is accompanied by such a clinic:
runny nose – for the initial stage, transparent, liquid discharge is characteristic, in the future they thicken;
aches, pain in joints and muscles.
There is no specific tactic for dealing with a summer cold. Treatment in the heat in many respects coincides with the therapy recommended in the winter. Although there are some features of the treatment of colds in the summer, associated with the risk of overheating of the body.
Ignoring the disease can lead to severe complications. To avoid this, it is necessary to consult a doctor at the first uncomfortable symptoms.
The use of drugs can speed up the healing process. But you can use the drugs only as directed by the doctor.
With a summer cold, the following groups of medicines are recommended:
Antiviral agents. They are effective only in the initial stages of the disease. They are recommended to be taken during the first 5 days. Anaferon, remantadine, ingaverine, aflubin can be prescribed.
Antipyretic. If the patient has a high temperature (above 38 ° C), then the doctor will recommend taking paracetamol, ibuprofen.
Special complexes. Pharmacists have developed special medicines that stop colds, have an analgesic effect and reduce the temperature. Among these medications, Tamiflu, antigrippin, Coldrex are most effective.
Antihistamines. These medicines are prescribed to reduce…