“Children’s” infections in adults
Moreover, as a rule, this happens once, and stable immunity lasts for life.
Children’s infections include measles, rubella, chickenpox (chickenpox), scarlet fever, whooping cough and mumps (mumps). The main manifestation of measles, rubella, chickenpox and scarlet fever is a skin rash, the nature and sequence of which varies depending on the specific disease. The appearance of a rash is almost always preceded by an increase in temperature, weakness, headache.
Infectious mumps (mumps) is characterized by an increase and soreness of one or two parotid glands – while the patient’s face acquires a characteristic pear-shaped form. The main manifestation of whooping cough is typical spasmodic coughing. In a spasmodic attack, after a whistling breath, a series of short convulsive coughing tremors follow, which non-stop follow each other for one breath.
Some of these diseases (chickenpox, rubella) in childhood are relatively easy, others can cause complications and have the most serious consequences. However, the most difficult and long-term childhood infections occur in people who become ill with them in adulthood.
If such infections are suspected in children or adults, it is necessary to consult a doctor (pediatrician or therapist), who will establish an accurate diagnosis and prescribe treatment.
We are used to being frivolous about the so-called “childhood infections,” they can cause inconvenience to the child, cause problems for parents who are forced to sit over their children day and night, but, as a rule, they leak easily and quickly are forgotten. However, the harmlessness of such infections is apparent. They can be quite difficult for children. In adults, “childhood” infections are much more difficult, more often accompanied by complications, and can even lead to death.
Recently, the prevalence of measles, mumps, rubella and other infections in adults has been increasing. Oddly enough, this is not least due to the widespread introduction of mass vaccination. It really helps to sharply reduce the incidence among children, but over time, immunity decreases, so many adolescents and adults who, thanks to the vaccine, did not get sick in childhood, are vulnerable to infection. Here the insidious properties of “childhood” infections are manifested. This is confirmed by observations, according to which, almost half of adolescents and adults no longer have antibodies in their blood that should protect them from the disease. People are especially susceptible to infection in groups – schools, vocational schools, universities, the army, where outbreaks of childhood infections immediately affect a lot of people.
In adults with measles, as a rule, a runny nose is noted, moderate conjunctivitis from the first day of the disease. At the same time, such frequent childhood symptoms as catarrhal tonsillitis, puffiness of the face do not occur, and changes in the pharynx are limited only by redness of the posterior pharyngeal wall. Unlike children, in adult patients, there is no gross cough, shortness of breath, but tracheitis and bronchitis may develop.
The duration of the catarrhal period in adults is on average 3-4 days, and, unlike children, is characterized by the gradual occurrence and development of symptoms with an increase throughout the period. The rash period retains its characteristic features – the stages of manifestation, with spread from the face to the trunk and limbs, and the transition to pigmentation. The rash is typical of measles, bright spots with a tendency to merge. It lasts, as a rule, 1-1.5 weeks. Severe measles in adults are more common (especially in people over 70). Every fifth person may experience complications – most often these are sinusitis, otitis media, less often meningitis, pneumonia.
Measles during pregnancy seriously increases the risk of an unfavorable outcome, the manifestations of which can be premature birth, an increased likelihood of spontaneous abortion and low birth weight.