The rubella disease of pregnant women is fraught with serious consequences for the unborn child.
Rubella is caused by a virus that is transmitted by airborne droplets. The source of the virus is more likely to be children, so the likelihood of catching a rubella of a pregnant woman who already has one child increases. Especially if the child goes to kindergarten, sports section or school.
When a woman is infected in the first week of pregnancy, fetal damage occurs in 80% of cases, at 2-4 weeks – in 60%, at 5-8 weeks – in 30% and at 9-12 weeks – in 10% . With infection at a later date, the likelihood of developing congenital malformations is reduced, but even at 5 months there is still such a danger for 1 out of 10 children. Continue reading
Whooping cough is an acute infectious disease, accompanied by inflammation in the upper respiratory tract and paroxysmal spasmodic cough.
Unvaccinated children under 5 years of age are most often infected, and whooping cough is especially dangerous for children in their first year of life. At an older age, this infection is much easier.
Whooping cough is caused by a specific bacterium called Bordetella pertussis. The microbe is transmitted by airborne droplets (by coughing, sneezing, talking) in close contact with a sick person. The disease is very contagious. However, a contact (for example, through toys) transmission of infection is impossible, since the bacterium quickly dies in the external environment.
Immunity after the disease is developed very persistent and usually lasts for life. Repeated diseases can occur in old age. However, as a rule, doctors take him for a cold – the disease is so easy. Continue reading
After a plentiful feast, acute pain can sometimes appear right in the hypochondrium, excruciating vomiting. Such symptoms most often indicate the development of pancreatitis. What is a disease? And what are the causes of pancreatitis in children and adults?
A bit about the disease
An inflammatory pathology that affects the pancreas is called pancreatitis. The disease can occur in acute (in the form of painful attacks) or in a chronic form (imperceptibly destroying an organ).
The pancreas is located behind the stomach, in the region of the hypochondrium. The organ has an elongated shape and lies transversely. That is why the pain that occurs in the case of an inflammatory process in the pancreas is often girdle.
Before talking about the causes of pancreatitis, you need to understand the mechanism of the development of the disease. So, the cells of the pancreas produce digestive enzymes. Initially, they are synthesized in an inactive form. Through a special duct, which merges with the bile duct, such enzymes enter directly into the duodenum. It is here that they are activated and provide the breakdown of food. Continue reading