Unvaccinated children 2-9 years old are most often affected. Rubella is especially dangerous in the first 3 months of pregnancy – in this case, severe congenital malformations of the child often develop, intrauterine death of the fetus is possible. In general, rubella is more severe in adults than in children.
The source of infection is a person with a clinically expressed or worn-out form of rubella. Routes of transmission – airborne (in conversation with the patient, kisses) and vertical (from mother to fetus). A contact route of infection is also possible – through children’s toys. The patient becomes contagious 1 week before the rash appears and continues to secrete the virus for 5-7 days after the rash appears. A child with congenital rubella excretes the pathogen for a longer time (up to 21-20 months).
The incubation period of the disease lasts from 11 to 24 days (usually 16-20). Continue reading
One of the most persistent misconceptions is that a deficiency of vitamins threatens us only in late winter and early spring. In autumn, there are enough vitamins in the body – after all, in the summer, we “vitamins” with berries, fruits, and fresh vegetables. And this stock will be enough for us until next spring.
In fact, this is another myth. It is quite easy to earn hypovitaminosis in the autumn, and in autumn we also need vitamins as in winter, and in spring, and in summer. In fact, the body needs them constantly – at any time of the year.
Why are vitamins needed in the fall?
The first reason – to stock up on vitamins for the long term does not work. So, water-soluble vitamins – and this is C, the whole group B – remain in the body only a couple of weeks. And then those that are not digested simply leave the body with urine. Continue reading