Diphtheria
Diphtheria is an acute, life-threatening, infectious disease. Children aged 3–7 years are most susceptible to it; in recent years, the incidence of adolescents and adults has increased. Diphtheria is an…

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Dental caries in children: causes, stages and treatment
Caries is a tooth injury that can occur with a child even at the time of teething. As practice shows, up to seven years this dental disease is detected in…

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Types of childhood infections
Mass vaccination against mumps has led to certain changes in the nature of the spread of this disease. If earlier they were mostly ill for children aged 3-6 years, then…

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severe forms

Diphtheria treatment

All patients with diphtheria, regardless of the severity of the condition, must be hospitalized in an infectious diseases hospital.

The treatment is as follows:

Diet – fortified, high-calorie, carefully cooked food.

Etiotropic therapy (that is, aimed at eliminating the cause of the disease) – the introduction of anti-diphtheria serum (PDS), the dose and number of times of administration depend on the severity and form of the disease. With a mild form, PDS is administered once intramuscularly in a dose of 20–40 thousand IU, with a moderate form – 50–80 thousand IU once or, if necessary, repeatedly in the same dose after 24 hours. When treating a severe form of the disease, the total dose increases to 90–120 thousand IU or even up to 150 thousand IU (infectious-toxic shock, DIC). In this case, 2/3 of the dose is administered immediately, and during the first day of hospitalization, 3/4 of the total dose should be administered. Continue reading

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