symptoms with an increase
Diphtheria is an acute, life-threatening, infectious disease. Children aged 3–7 years are most susceptible to it; in recent years, the incidence of adolescents and adults has increased.
Diphtheria is an acute, life-threatening, infectious disease. It proceeds in the form of acute inflammation of the upper respiratory tract, mainly the pharynx (approximately 90% of cases), the nose, the skin at the sites of damage, eyes or genitals.
The main threat, however, is not inflammation, but poisoning with a toxin, which is produced by the bacterium, the causative agent of the disease, while the cardiovascular and nervous systems are mainly affected.
The causative agent of diphtheria and infection
The causative agent of diphtheria is Corynebacterium diphteriae – gram-positive bacteria in the form of sticks with characteristic bulbous thickenings at the ends, which are placed in pairs in swabs, at an angle in the form of a Roman numeral V with respect to each other. Diphtheria bacilli secrete diphtheria toxin, the enzyme neuraminidase and other biochemically active compounds in the process of life. Continue reading
Moreover, as a rule, this happens once, and stable immunity lasts for life.
Children’s infections include measles, rubella, chickenpox (chickenpox), scarlet fever, whooping cough and mumps (mumps). The main manifestation of measles, rubella, chickenpox and scarlet fever is a skin rash, the nature and sequence of which varies depending on the specific disease. The appearance of a rash is almost always preceded by an increase in temperature, weakness, headache.
Infectious mumps (mumps) is characterized by an increase and soreness of one or two parotid glands – while the patient’s face acquires a characteristic pear-shaped form. The main manifestation of whooping cough is typical spasmodic coughing. In a spasmodic attack, after a whistling breath, a series of short convulsive coughing tremors follow, which non-stop follow each other for one breath.
Some of these diseases (chickenpox, rubella) in childhood are relatively easy, others can cause complications and have the most serious consequences. However, the most difficult and long-term childhood infections occur in people who become ill with them in adulthood. Continue reading