Unvaccinated children 2-9 years old are most often affected. Rubella is especially dangerous in the first 3 months of pregnancy – in this case, severe congenital malformations of the child often develop, intrauterine death of the fetus is possible. In general, rubella is more severe in adults than in children.
The source of infection is a person with a clinically expressed or worn-out form of rubella. Routes of transmission – airborne (in conversation with the patient, kisses) and vertical (from mother to fetus). A contact route of infection is also possible – through children’s toys. The patient becomes contagious 1 week before the rash appears and continues to secrete the virus for 5-7 days after the rash appears. A child with congenital rubella excretes the pathogen for a longer time (up to 21-20 months).
The incubation period of the disease lasts from 11 to 24 days (usually 16-20). Continue reading